Bochum is located in the centre of the Ruhr area. The Ruhr area is a densely populated part of Germany with around 5.3 million people. It’s identity was strongly derived from the formerly prevaliing coal-mining and steal industry. Today it is sometimes called ‘Ruhr city’ because often it is not clear where one city ends and the next starts.
Bochum’s last colliery closed down some 30 years ago, and steel production is no longer as important as it was. New industries took their place, and companies like Opel and Nokia set up manufacturing facilities in the city. When the ongoing process of restructuring in Bochum and in the Ruhr area is complete, they too will have lost their major role to the service sector.
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Online map of Bochum in Germany: