Made of marble in a contemporary design, the State Capitol Building is adorned with a golden statue of a pioneer. Murals of historic events in Oregon and U.S. history adorn the interior walls. The current building, constructed in 1935 and expanded in 1977, is the third to house the Oregon state government in Salem. Two former capitol buildings were destroyed by fire, one in 1855 and the other in 1935.
The many parts of Salem from where the statue atop the Oregon State Capitol Building is visible makes it useful for orientation. A man standing, left hand gripping a coat thrown over his shoulder while the other dangles a large axe, body facing north and head looking west, the piece’s official name is “Oregon Pioneer.”